The true connection between cholesterol and heart disease
What does it mean to have high cholesterol?
There are two forms of cholesterol, and both are needed by the human body. It binds to broad transport proteins as it travels through the bloodstream.
When cholesterol is bound to HDL (high-density lipoprotein), or health, the risk of cardiovascular disease appears to reduce.
It is commonly referred to as poor when cholesterol is bound to the molecule LDL (low-density lipoprotein).
As LDL is absorbed into the artery wall, it may trigger an inflammatory response that causes the artery wall to thicken and become inelastic.
Atherosclerosis develops over time, causing blood vessels to narrow, resulting in elevated blood pressure and decreased blood flow.
High cholesterol is a well-known risk factor for heart problems like angina pectoris and heart attacks.
High cholesterol has many causes.
It’s usually link to high cholesterol and a sedentary lifestyle. Obesity and a high-fat diet can raise cholesterol levels.
Saturated fat from meat and dairy products, when consumed in excess, can raise cholesterol levels. Smoking and a lack of exercise decrease the amount of healthy HDL cholesterol in the body.
High alcohol consumption raises triglycerides, which is unhealthy. Before the age of 50, women have lower cholesterol levels than men, but the level is higher in women over 50.
A genetic predisposition to high and triglycerides exists in some individuals. A genetic mutation causes familial hypercholesterolemia, which is a dominantly inherite condition.
That is, there is a high likelihood of the disorder being passed on from generation to generation. This individual would have a much higher risk of early cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis if they are not treating.
High cholesterol can be cause by a number of different diseases. Diabetes, poor metabolism (hypothyroidism), and kidney and liver disease are among them. Furthermore, a variety of medications may cause an unfavourable level of in the blood.
High cholesterol symptoms
In most cases, high causes no symptoms. Growing around the tendons on the back of the hand or heel (xanthomas), yellow deposits in the skin around the eyes, and a white ring around the edge of the iris in the eye are all signs of high cholesterol levels in the blood.
When do you seek medical advice?
If any family members have had cardiovascular disease at a young age.
You have a suspicion of having high cholesterol.
If you’re taking lowering pills and you’re having problems, talk to your doctor.
The progression of high cholesterol disease
The amount of fat in your blood varies depending on your age and gender. High cholesterol raises the risk of heart attack and other cardiovascular diseases, particularly when other risk factors are present.
For men, the problem is more severe than for women. The greater the amount of in the blood, the greater the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Even if you have high cholesterol, what can you do?
- Quit smoking.
- Eat a balanced diet.
- Consume less fat, especially saturated fat.
- Substitute unsaturated fat for every saturated fat.
- Increase your intake of high-fiber meats, vegetables, and fruits on a regular basis.
- Consume less high-cholesterol foods.
- Overweight people will lose weight.
- Exercise at least 30 minutes a day for at least five days a week.
- Don’t overindulge in alcoholic beverages.
- Consumption of salt should be limit to no more than 6 grammes a day.
- Nuts can aid in reduction. A daily intake of 50-100 grammes is recommend.
- Betavivo oat hearts are commercially available products that bind bile salts and have been show to reduce levels.
It is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease improvement. The decision to use medications to treat high is based on the overall risk of cardiovascular disease.
High blood pressure, a familial predisposition to cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, smoking, high triglycerides, obesity (especially abdominal obesity), and other heart diseases are all included in this category.
Treatment for high is often initiating with lifestyle modifications if no heart disease has been identified.
The only exception is if you have a proven cardiovascular disorder and are willing to start taking medicine while also improving your lifestyle.